Glossary of Terms
A-Frame: A rigid supporting frame, in the form of a triangle or an inverted V, used to transport countertop slabs on the edge in a truck
Apron Front Sink (farmhouse sink): A sink with a large apron in front that sits on a short cabinet
Backsplash: A material that is attached to the back of the wall, behind a kitchen and/ or bathroom countertop, to protect against splashed liquids
Build-up: Strips of material that are sometimes attached to the under-side of countertops to raise it flush with the cabinet tops
Bullnosing: The process of adding a rounded finished edge to an unfinished natural or man-made stone. The shape helps to protect the edge from chipping and cracking.
Cambria: A pure, natural, quartz surfacing product that has a variety of uses in your home such as countertops, floor tile, vanities, fireplace surrounds, wet bars, showers, etc. It has the natural look and feel of granite, but with superior performance because of its strength and durability. It is nonporous and maintenance-free.
Cantilever or Overhang: any rigid construction extending horizontally well beyond its vertical support for instance, the area where a countertop overhangs a cabinet by a few inches
Drop-in Sink: A sink that contains a rim that fits over the countertop
Belted or Laminated edge: Usually 2 or more strips of granite glued together at the edge that gives the appearance of a thicker slab
Drop-mitered edge: a technique to create the appearance of a thicker slab with minimal seam appearance. Some design limitations are to be expected.
Engineered Stone: A manmade stone composed of quartz particles and orther minerals and has a nonporous surface resistant to scratches.
Polished Finish: a superficial luster or deep shine with a smooth surface texture
Grinder: A tool used for adjusting cuts, cutting angles, and cleaning up sinkholes
Grout: a thin, coarse mortar poured into various narrow cavities, as masonry joints or rock fissures, to fill them and consolidate the adjoining objects into a solid mass
Honed finish: Honed stone (either granite or marble) has a matte or satin finish.
Euro Seam or Butterfly Seam: A seam in a countertop, usually near a corner, where the counter changes direction.
Nonporous: A material that is not permeable to water, air, or other fluids thereby making it stain resistant
Nosing: The edge profile of a countertop
Antiqued or Leathered finish: refers to the stone’s finish. A smooth, textured finish with a honed/matte appearance.
Poultices: A combination of materials made and used to re-absorb a stain in marble or granite. Depending on the nature of the stain, the poultice can be made with powdered whiting and hydrogen peroxide or a chemical reducing agent.
Sealer: a substance applied to a porous surface to seal/protect the appearance of a countertop surface.
Shim: a thin slip or wedge of wood placed into crevices during installation to insure that countertops are level
Substrate: a supporting material on which a countertop is formed or fabricated
Template: A physical form or pattern used to help measure the space in which a countertop will fit.
Digital Template: a tool used to help accurately measure the space in which a countertop will fit.
Undermount Sink: A sink mounted beneath the countertop
Vessel Sink: A sink that sits on top of the countertop.